"There was a night in the history of humanity when a man weighed down with all his destiny looked at his sleeping companions and, alone in a silent world, declared that no one must sleep, but that all must watch to the end of time. We are still living in times like these."
— Albert Camus - from an article in Soir-Republicain
"The soul is seen to be weak if it cannot bear either the harsh servitude its own body or the foolish opinion of the vuulgar."
— Augustine - The City of God against the Pagans
"But extreme positions are replaced not by moderate ones, rather by equally extreme but opposite ones. And so the belief in the absolute immorality of nature, in purposeless and senselessness, is the psychologically necessary affect once belief in God and an essentially moral order can no longer be sustained…One interpretation has collapsed, but because it was considered the interpretation, it appears as though there is no sense in existence whatsoever, as though everything is in vain"
— Friedrich Nietzsche - European Nihilism
What advantages did the Christian morality hypothesis offer?
1) it conferred on man an absolute value, in contrast to his smallness and contingency in the flux of becoming and passing away
2) it served the advocates of God to the extent that, despite suffering and evil, it let the world have the character of perfection – including ‘freedom’ – and evil appeared full of sense
3) it posited a knowledge of absolute values in man and thus gave him adequate knowledge of precisely the most important thing
it prevented man from despising himself as man, from taking against life, from despairing of knowing: it was a means of preservation – in sum: morality was the great antidote against practical and theoretical nihilism
— Friedrich Nietzsche - European Nihilism (1887)
"If we tear out the last pages of the New Testament, then what we see set forth is a religion of loneliness and human grandeur."
— Albert Camus - Notebooks